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===大学生成长生活平台===

四级听力知识点串讲(1):2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型

2013-06-05来源/作者:卫凯点击次数:915

 本文导航
  • 第1页:四级听力知识点串讲(1)
  • 第2页:听力知识点串讲(2)
  • 第3页:听力知识点串讲(3)
  第二课时 听力
  一、大纲对该部分的具体要求
  考查考生在英语的自然语言环境里对语言的适应能力和理解能力。
  二、PETS四级考试听力的形式、题型及数量

2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型串讲:听力

  1. A节——主要是考查考生理解特定或具体信息的能力。
  A节的题目通常是表格填充题,大家只须遵循“所听即所得”的原则找寻答案,不需要担心同义转述的情况。在填充表格时大家一定要注意指导语中的“only one word  or number”,即,每个空格只能填一个单词或一个数字,多填或不填都是不能得分的。
  针对本节题目的特点,可以采取以下的做题步骤:
  (1)预测 (2)记录 (3)检查
  (2007年听力Part A)
   [听力原文]
  Recently, a survey of the nation’s reading habits was conducted in Britain. The survey asked members of different professions how much time they devoted to reading for pleasure every week. The researchers also asked what types of books they enjoyed. Accountants spend an average of five hours and fifteen minutes of their leisure time reading every week. They read all types of fiction, mainly in bed or while commuting to work. Secretaries spend an average of almost five hours reading every week with Jane Austin on top of their list. Politicians who read for just under five hours a week favor biographies and history books. Most of their reading is done in bed. Taxi drivers manage an average of four hours and forty six minutes a week, most of it while waiting in their cabs. They read more self-help books than other workers. Lawyers read the highest percentage of crime fiction in their weekly average of four hours and thirty three minutes. They have no interest in poetry, gardening, self-help books, or romance. Teachers read for an average of four hours and twenty seven minutes a week mainly in bed or on holiday. Teachers’ strong preference is for contemporary fiction over the classics, but their favorite author is Jane Austin. A total of one thousand six hundred people were surveyed. The average time spent reading for pleasure was five hours and nine minutes a week.
  [考题]

2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型串讲:听力

  在听完第一次录音后,按照录音提及内容的顺序可以记录如下:
  accounts 5.15hs all type of fiction
  secretaries almost 5hs Jane Austen’s works
  politicians under 5hs biographies and history books
  taxi drivers 4.46hs self-help books
  lawyers 4.33hs crime fiction
  teachers 4.27hs contemporary fiction
  填完以后的表格为:

2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型串讲:听力

  2. B节——主要考查大家理解具体或总体信息的能力。
  本节考试中仍以细节题为主,考查大家对给定范围细节的定位和获取事实具体信息的能力。出题点集中在时间、地点、天气、人物、数字、电话号码和价格等细节信息上。

  相关推荐:
  2011年全国英语等级考试四级pets4大纲解读
  2011年全国英语等级考试各级别听力辅导书籍评测
  2011年全国英语等级考试级别介绍
  2011年全国公共英语等级考试报考须知

 本文导航

  • 第1页:四级听力知识点串讲(1)
  • 第2页:听力知识点串讲(2)
  • 第3页:听力知识点串讲(3)
  根据近两年的PETS四级真题的此部分可以得出,B节均以“人物访谈”的对话为主。
  (2007年听力Part B)
  [听力原文]
  M: What qualifications do you need?
  R: I have a degree and worked for the SPCA for almost seven years. SPCA is a worldwide association that provides specialized care to pets. I graduated as a certified dog trainer and behavior councilor from the dog academy of San Francisco SPCA.
  M: What sort of person does the job suit?
  R: Of course, the person should not be afraid of dogs. But most importantly, he should be understanding.
  M: What is the best way into the industry?
  R: Try volunteering as a dog walker and a class assistant with dog academy certified trainers at Hong Kong SPCA. And you will learn a lot.
  M: What work hours do you keep?
  R: Evenings and weekends.
  M: Is there a clear career path?
  R: There is a clear path overseas, because there are training opportunities unlike in Hong Kong. It is a very specialized skill. Otherwise, if you like animals in general, there are many related careers like animal boarding, dog walking, pet sitting, etc.
  M: What’s the best part of your job?
  R: Being able to help people build relationships with their dogs, and training dogs using more gentle methods, preventing and resolving behavioral problems.
  M: What’s the worst?
  R: Dealing with dogs that have been beaten so much that they lose all their trust in people.
  M: Who is your role model?
  R: I have two: renowned animal behaviorist, Doctor Ian Dunbar, and Jane Dennison, the director of the Academy at San Francisco SPCA.
  M: Salary?
  R: Mine is between twenty thousand and forty thousand HK dollars a month. But a paid job starts at about seven thousand HK dollars without a degree and about ten thousand HK dollars with a degree.
  M: Last word.
  R: Working with animals is an interesting and rewarding field to be in, but the pay may not be as good as one hopes.
  [考题]

2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型串讲:听力

  填完以后的表格为:

2011年全国英语等级考试四级题型串讲:听力

  3. C节——考查大家理解大意和细节、推断词义、判断说话者的态度、意图的能力。

  相关推荐:
  2011年全国英语等级考试四级pets4大纲解读
  2011年全国英语等级考试各级别听力辅导书籍评测
  2011年全国英语等级考试级别介绍
  2011年全国公共英语等级考试报考须知

 本文导航

  • 第1页:四级听力知识点串讲(1)
  • 第2页:听力知识点串讲(2)
  • 第3页:听力知识点串讲(3)
  (1)常见考点——理解文章大意题
  1常见提问方式:
  What can be inferred from the talk/passage?
  What can we learn from the / conversation/ passage?
  What are they talking about/ discussing?
  What is the main theme/ idea/ topic of the passage/ speech?
  What conclusion can we draw from the conversation?
  2真题讲解
  (2007年9月Part C,第13小题)
  [听力原文]
  For centuries, people have been amazed by children of unusual talent. Pianist and composer Felix Mendelssohn has composed a fair amount of music by the time he was eleven. His forth opera was produced in Berlin, when he was only eighteen. John Stewart Mill, the nineteenth century British philosopher, read
  Greek at three and had worked his way through elementary geometry and a large body of literature and history by the time he was twelve. Even though there has been a fascination with prodigies for centuries, there has been little serious study of them until recently. Some surprising common characteristics have been identified. The vast majority are boys. They are usually first born children of middle­class families. Often their parents are past the usual child­bearing age.
  Many are born by operation rather than by natural child birth. They often have parents who seem to be trying to realize their own ambitions through their amazing children. And prodigies usually have a strange sense of humor. Although a child may be born with outstanding genetic potential, this potential will not necessarily develop. “Just having the gene is not enough.” says Harvard University psychologist Howard Gardener. “Something in the environment must nourish the potential.” And although many prodigies enjoy the satisfaction of the extraordinary achievement, public praise, and material wealth, even the most successful sometimes question the value of their lives and the accomplishment. “I have a longing which grows stronger as I get older.” confesses the famous American concert pianist Eugene Eastman, “to be ordinary.”
  [考题]
  13.What can be inferred from the talk?
  [A] Material wealth goes hand in hand with mental emptiness.
  [B] Environment plays a decisive role in the development of prodigies.
  [C] Success has not always brought happiness to prodigies.
  [D] Public praise will help prodigies to find the value of their lives.
  (2)常见考点——细节理解题
  针对听力材料中的具体的某一句话或几句话而设定。
  (3)常见考点——推断词义题
  所考查的单词或短语,一般不是很生僻、很专业,它是和听力材料主题内容关系比较密切的词语。
  (4)常见考点——态度、意图题
  常见提问方式:
  What’s the man’s/ woman’s attitude towards …?
  What does the man/ woman think of …?
  What does the man/ woman suggest?
  What’s their opinion of …?
  What does the man/ woman mean?
  How does the man/ woman like …?
  How does the man/ woman feel about …?
  How do people see…?
  当说话人提出建议或意见时,通常都会使用某种建议的句型来表述,常见的有:
  I think …
  I suggest …
  I wonder …
  You should/ must …
  You’d better …
  Shall we …?
  How about …? 等等。
  三、复习建议
  1. 选择与考试难度相当而且系统的听力资料;
  2. 精听方法;
  3. 培养多种能力;
  4. 训练用英语思维的能力;
  5. 扩大知识面,了解相关学科及社会背景知识。

  相关推荐:
  2011年全国英语等级考试四级pets4大纲解读
  2011年全国英语等级考试各级别听力辅导书籍评测
  2011年全国英语等级考试级别介绍
  2011年全国公共英语等级考试报考须知





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