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===大学生成长生活平台===

2012年公共英语五级考试填空模拟试题及答案(6)

2012-12-25来源/作者:卫凯点击次数:1054

  Read the following text and fill each of the numbered spaces with ONE suitable word.

  Write your answers on ANSWER SHEET l.

  Impatience characterizes young intellectual workers.They want to make their mark(31) ___.So it’s important to get(32) ___to them in a challenging manner the idea(33) ___big achievements rarely come easily and quickly.Point out that the little successes are essential.Show that they(34) ___turn become the foundation on(35) ___reputations are built and from which mole important tasks can be accomphished.

  A variety of job assignments,including job Or project rotation,also keep a job(36) ___becoming dull.Whereas it’s natural for some individuals to want to move ahead immediately to more difficult assignments,(37) ___proper guidance they call continue to learn and to gain versatility by working on a number of jobs that are essentially(38)——the same complexity.This way they gain breadth,if not depth.

  Probably the greatest offense to guard(39) ___when dealing with younger specialists is to reject ideas out of hand.You must listen--and listen objectively~to their suggestions.Avoid(40)——0vercritical.You want to nurture an inquiring mind with a fresh approach. You’ll frustrate it quickly if you revert too often(41) ___“We’ve tried that before and it won’t(42) ___here.”

  One sure way to disenchannt(43) ___college graduates is flagrantly misusing their talents.Expect them to do some routine work,of course.But don’t make their(44) ___work just one long series of errands.This in—eludes such break—in assignments(45) ___performing routine calculations,digging up(46) ___material,(47) ___0perating reproduction equipment.One large manufacturing company recently interviewed a number of(48) ___engineers who had left them.The company found that the overwhelming complaint was that the company not only did not offer work that(49) ___challenging but also expected(50) ___too little from them in the way of performance.

  答案解析:

  参考译文

  不耐心是年轻的脑力工作者的特点。他们希望快速成名。因此,给他们讲清巨大的成功不会轻而易举、快速地到来很重要。要指出小的成功至关重要。要跟他们讲明这些小成功会反过来成为建立声誉的基础,从这些小成功开始才能完成更加重要的任务。多种多样的工作任务,包括工作或项目轮换也会防止工作变得乏味。但是,有些人很自然地希望立刻去完成更为艰难的任务,在适当的指导下,他们可以继续学习,继续通过干许多一样复杂的工作而获得多样性。这样他们就能有广度的收获,如果不是深度上的。也许,在与年轻的专业人士打交道时最应该防范的就是马上驳斥其想法。你必须聆听一客观地聆听他们的建议。避免过分挑剔。你希望用新的途径培养一个好问的头脑。如果你经常提到“我们以前已经试着这样做了.但是不管用”就会很快地挫伤这种好问的头脑。使年轻的大学毕业生们清醒过来的一种妙招就是公然滥用他们的才能。当然要想到他们会做一些惯常的工作,但是不要使他们的日常工作仅仅成为一长串令人烦躁的差使,这包括一些像执行常规计算、挖掘参考材料、操作再生产设备等等实习期任务。一家大型制造公司最近采访了许多有前途的工程师,这些工程师都已离开这家公司。他们发现绝大多数人抱怨公司提供的工作不但没有挑战性,而且对于他们的表现期望也非常低。

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